8 Results for chardonnay

Variety: Chardonnay
Legal information: In France, Chardonnay is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.
Suitability: Chardonnay is generally pruned long. However, in areas with favorable climatic conditions for floral initiation, vines may also be pruned short. This variety is suited to moderately fertile soils with dominant limestone or marly. In Mediterranean areas, intense drought situations are to be avoided.
Potential: The bunches and berries are small. This variety has an extermely high quality potential and is used to produce dry white wines, sparkling wines and even liqueur wines. The sugar content of the berries can reach high levels while maintaining high acidity. This is what enables the production of particularly well balanced, powerful and ample wines (full-bodied and with volume). The typical aromas are complex and intense (dried fruit, hazel nut, grilled flavor, exotic fruit, butter, etc). Chardonnay is also suited to barrel fermentation and barrel ageing.
Sensitivity: Chardonnay is susceptible to powdery mildew and strongly express grapevine yellows. At the end of its maturation and under strong vigor conditions, grey rot may cause significant damage.
Clones: The thirty-one certified Chardonnay clones carry the numbers 75, 76, 77, 78, 95, 96, 116, 117, 118, 119, 121, 122, 124, 125, 128, 130, 131, 132, 277, 352, 414, 415, 548, 549, 809, 1066, 1067, 1068, 1145, 1146 and 1147. A conservatory of more than 340 clones was planted in 1994 in the French department of Saône-et-Loire. An other conservatory of 53 clones was planted in the French department of Champagne in 2015.

Variety: Chardonnay rose
Origin: This variety corresponds to the pink mutation of Chardonnay.
Legal information: In France, Chardonnay rose is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2018 on the A list and temporarily classified.
Description: The description corresponds to that of Chardonnay, except for the skin color of the berries when ripe, which is pink in this case.
Suitability: Aptitudes are close to those of Chardonnay. Chardonnay rose seems to have a slightly later maturity and to be less productive that the white version.
Potential: Chardonnay rose's bunches are small and compact. The berries are small to medium and simple-flavored. It produces slightly less acidic wines with a little more sugar that those obtained with Chardonnay.
Sensitivity: The susceptibilities and tolerances of Chardonnay rose are roughly identical to those of Chardonnay. It tends to be slightly less sensitive to grey rot.
Clones: The only certified Chardonnay rose clone carries the number 1284.

Origin: This variety was obtained by INRA in 1956 and is the result of the crossbreeding between Baroque and Chardonnay.

Origin: This variety was obtained by INRA in 1954 and is the result of the crossbreeding between Raffiat de Moncade and Chardonnay.

Interaction: 101-14 MGt usually has a very good affinity with the grafts. The first growth of plants is fast but the vigor confered is nevertheless limited. Thus, this rootstock contributes to manage the plant growth and has an influence on the earliness of the vegetative cycle. 101-14 MGt induces moderate yields with an often a lower average berry weight compared to those obtained with other rootstocks. The varieties grafted onto 101-14 MGt generate balanced, quality products with good maturity and the associations with Cabernet franc, Cabernet-Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Chenin, Colombard, Gamay, Grenache, Petit Verdot, Sauvignon, Semillon and Syrah are appreciated.

Interaction: The growth and fruiting speed given by 161-49 C is quite slow. In addition, the limited yields during the first years reduces the risks of tylosis. This rootstock confers a moderate vigor and balances the vegetative growth. The varieties grafted onto 161-49 C produce quality fruits and the blends made with Chardonnay, Colombard, Merlot, Pinot and Ugni blanc are particularly appreciated. It also shows good results with hybrid grapes. However, some joining problems have sometimes been reported, particularly with Carignan, Gamay and Servant.

Interaction: 3309 C generally has a good affinity with grafts. However, some joining problems have been noticed with Cabernet-Sauvignon, Chenin, Dattier de Beyrouth, Pineau d’Aunis, Riesling, Syrah and Sauvignon. Some of these varieties are grafted in significant amount with 3309 C. The growth and fruit set speed given by 3309 C is a little slow. Vigor confered by 3309 C is low to moderate and vegetative growth is balanced, especially if the agronomic fertility of the soil is not too high. 3309 C promotes the fruit set of sensitive varieties to coulure. The varieties grafted onto this rootstock produce recognized quality products and the associations with Cabernet franc, Cabernet-Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Colombard, Fer, Gamay, Gros Manseng, Melon, Merlot, Petit Manseng, Pinot, Sauvignon, Semillon, Riesling, Syrah and Tannat are particular appreciated.

Interaction: The radial trunk growth of this rootstock remains limited. It is said that this rootstock has a “thin leg” which may create substantial diameter differences with the grafts and the recquirement for trellising. The development speed of the young plants is good. Riparia Gloire de Montpellier confers a very low vigor and the vine development is reduced. Riparia Gloire de Montpellier promotes floral initiation but given its very weak vigor, the yields obtained are usually limited. This rootstock has an influence on the earliness of the vegetative growth and under adapted conditions, with a sufficient plant density it induces the production of quality fruits. Riparia Gloire de Montpellier has a very good affinity and works well with Cabernet-Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Chenin, Cot, Gros Manseng, Merlot, Sauvignon and Tannat.