Teleki 5 C
Name of variety in France (and usual designation)
Teleki 5 C (5 C)
Breeder/selector and year of obtention
Alexandre Teleki and Heinrich Birk, 1896.
Genetic origin
This variety results from the crossbreeding of Vitis berlandieri and Vitis riparia derived from Euryale Rességuier.
Evolution of mother vine surfaces
1945 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015
Rank 36 19 18 11 17 15 16
ha 0.2 9 41 44 13 16 13
Estimated surface area of French vines grafted with the rootstock, and main regions of use
900 ha. Alsace, Bourgogne, Franche-Comté.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the green tip of the young shoot that is half open or closed, with a medium density of prostrate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the vigorous, elongated, dull and green shoots, with a ribbed contour, a slightly elliptic section and a low to medium density of erect hairs on the veins,
- the bifid or trifid tendrils, sometimes ending with an rudimentory flower bud,
- the large, involute, wedge-shaped adult leaves, with an open U- or V-shaped petiole sinus, mucronate teeth with straight sides, green veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect hairs, particularly arond the vein bifurcation,  
- the male flowers,
- the brown purplish woody shoots.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 143 234 231 238 200 252 238 214 259
Allel 2 147 263 264 246 210 260 246 251 259
Resistance to soil parasites
5 C is highly tolerant to the root form of phylloxera. It is also very resistant to Meloidogyne incognita nematodes.
Adaptation to the environment
5 C resists up to 35% of "total" limestone and 20% of "active" limestone. Its resistance to iron chlorosis can thus be considered as moderate to good.
Interaction with grafts and production objectives
5 C confers a high vigor to the grafts, without delaying the maturity. It works particularly well with Riesling and gives qualitative products.
Vegetative propagation aptitudes
This rootstock wood production is good (40 000 to 90 000 m/ha) and has good cutting and grafting capacities. 5 C internodes are long with a moderate diameter and a limited growth of lateral shoot buds.
Resistance to aerial parasites
5 C is not very or moderately sensitive to the gall form of phylloxera and is highly resistant to downy mildew.
Clonal selection in France
In France, the 2 certified 5 C clones carry the numbers 68 and 236. Among those, the clone 236 is multiplied on 6 ha 04 ares of mother vines producing certified material, in 2017.

Datas are extracted from: Les chiffres de la pépinière viticole, 2017, Datas and assesment of FranceAgriMer, may 2018.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier, France.