1447 Paulsen
Name of variety in France (and usual designation)
1447 Paulsen (1447 P)
Breeder/selector and year of obtention
Federico Paulsen, 1896.
Genetic origin
This variety results from the crossbreeding of Vitis berlandieri and Vitis rupestris cv. Martin.
Evolution of mother vine surfaces
1955 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015
Rank 23 22 26 30 30 30 31
ha 2 4 1 ND ND ND ND
Estimated surface area of French vines grafted with the rootstock, and main regions of use
< 5 ha.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostrate hairs,
- the sligtly bronzed young leaves,
- the shoots with a bushy and erect bearing, a ribbed surface, red or pinkish internodes on the dorsal side, green on the ventral side, and a high density of erect hairs on the nodes and the internodes,
- the small, kidney-shaped, entire, adult leaves, with an open V- or brace-shaped petiole sinus, a light green leaf blade, folded towards the upper side of the blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs,
- the female flowers,
- the very small, round-shaped berries, with a blue black skin,
- the woody shoots with a medium density of erect hairs.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 135 223 233 236 196 252 236 218 259
Allel 2 145 265 260 249 214 264 249 251 259
Resistance to soil parasites
1447 P is highly tolerant to the root form of phylloxera. Its resistance to Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogyne arenaria nématodes is also very good.
Adaptation to the environment
1447 P is characterized by a moderate to high adaptation to limestones soils. It resists up to 17% of "active" limestone. It is also resistant to drought.
Interaction with grafts and production objectives
1447 P confers a strong vigor. Thus, the varieties grafted onto it produce high yields but the plants development is rather slow.
Vegetative propagation aptitudes
This rootstock has good cutting and grafting capacities.
Resistance to aerial parasites
1447 P is susceptible to the gall form of phylloxera but is highly resistant to downy mildew.
Clonal selection in France
In France, the only certified 1447 Paulsen clone carries the number 1307.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier, France.