Xarello B
Name of the variety in France
Xarello
Origin
Xarello is originally Spanish (Catalonia). Based on published genetic analyses, it would be the result of a crossbreeding between Gibi and Brustiano faux.
Synonyms
In Spain, Xarello is officially designated as "Cartoixa", "Pansa Blanca", "Pansal" and "Xarel-lo". These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Xarello is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list but is not yet classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0.1
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow or green young leaves,
- the large, circular adult leaves, entire or with five lobes, with shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open or closed V-shaped petiole sinus or with parallel edges, small to medium teeth with straight sides, no or a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a folded leaf blade near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 239 178 186 244 238 235 249
Allel 2 141 238 243 186 188 248 254 257 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Xarello is a fairly vigorous variety, fertile, productive and requires short pruning. It is well adapted to southern areas and drought.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Xarello is not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Xarello's buncges are medium to large in size and the berries are medium. The sugar potential is average. Xarello can be used to produce sparkling wines and still white wines, that are mostly blended.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Xarello clone carries the number 6007.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France, (under the name "Xare lo").
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
6007 Espagne IFV 2006 Languedoc medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety