Viognier B
Name of the variety in France
Viognier
Origin
This is a native variety from the northern part of the Côtes du Rhône.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Viognier is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 29 14 54 82 2100 3255 6740
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the small to medium, circular, light to medium green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, with shallow lower lateral sinuses, an open or slightly open petiole sinus, medium teeth with straight or convex sides or with one side convex and one side concave, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered leaf blade, curly on the edges, and on the lower side on the leaves, a low to medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 182 188 252 238 216 261
Allel 2 137 229 249 188 200 252 240 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is usually trained (it is sometimes sensitive to the wind), pruned moderately long and with a fairly high planting density. Traditionally grown in acidic terroirs, this variety is well adapted to sufficiently deep soils (but not too fertile) in southern areas, to avoid the risk of drought. Its early budburst exposes it to spring frosts.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Viognier does not seem particuliarly sensitive to diseases.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small and compact. The berries are also small. Under favorable conditions, the varietal characteristics of Viognier allows for the production of very aromatic (abricot, peach, etc.), complex and powerful good quality wines. Viognier gives warm wines (high sugar accumulation potential): full-bodied but lacking a bit of acidity and occasionally presenting a slight bitterness. It can also be used to produce sweet or sparkling wines or blended (5, 10 % or more) with other grapes (particularly Syrah) to add finesse and aromas to red wines.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Viognier clones carry the numbers 642, 1042 and 1051. A conservatory of 60 or so clones was planted in the wine-growing region of Condrieu (French department of Rhône) in 2002.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
642 Rhône ENTAV 1979 Rhône-Valley 17.54 ha high high high medium to high low to medium medium representative wines of the variety
1042 Ardèche CA 07 - ENTAV 2002 Rhône-Valley 0.21 ha medium low low medium medium to high medium to high aromatic and well-balanced wines with good volume on the palate clone appreciated for its low production level and the quality of the wines obtained
1051 Loire CA 07 - ENTAV 2003 Rhône-Valley 0.10 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium aromatic and well-balanced wines with good volume on the palate intermediate production level. Clone appreciated for the quality of the wines obtained