Vermentino B
Name of the variety in France
Vermentino
Origin
This variety, grown in Corsica and in Provence for a very long time, would originally be from Italy.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Rolle", "Garbesso" or "Vermentinu" regarding plant propagation material. In Italy, Vermentino is officially designated as "Favorita" and "Pigato".
Legal information
In France, Vermentino is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Italy, Malta and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 2106 1057 833 2507 3089 6333
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the circular, dark green adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, deep lateral sinuses, a slightly open petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, slightly goffered and blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs and a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 249 176 200 250 240 235 249
Allel 2 149 236 249 178 204 260 248 243 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is rather productive and vigorous, must be pruned short. Careful training is preferable in order to maintain vegetation. This southern variety is well adapted to hot areas and to dry and not very fertile terroirs.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Vermentino is a little sensitive to grey rot, moderately sensitive to sour rot and quite sensitive to powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are large. Vermentino produces quality white wines, pleasant and with nice pale color. These fine balanced and full-bodied wines have an interesting aromatic richness (floral aromas of hawthorn, fruity pear aromas, etc.) even if they sometimes lack acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The fourteen certified Vermentino clones carry the numbers 639, 640, 766, 795, 856, 876, 912, 913, 914, 915, 963, 964, 1081 and 1082. A conservatory of 50 or so clones was planted in the Corsican wine-growing region in 2005.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien [web site, visited in 2020].
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
639 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1978 Haute-Corse 1.62 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium medium low to medium medium to high medium representative wines of the variety
640 Non précisée ENTAV 1978 Haute-Corse 7.44 ha low to medium low to medium medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety clone well representative of the variety
766 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1981 Haute-Corse 0.81 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium well-balanced and aromatic wines clone appreciated for the quality of the wines obtained
795 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1984 Haute-Corse 0.71 ha medium to high medium medium medium medium low to medium medium to high medium lively and representative wines of the variety interesting clone for its contribution of acidity in blends
856 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1984 Haute-Corse 1.33 ha low to medium low to medium medium medium medium medium to high medium medium well-balanced and aromatic wines clone appreciated for the quality of the wines obtained
876 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1984 Haute-Corse 0.24 ha low to medium low to medium medium medium medium medium medium medium well-balanced and aromatic wines
912 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse medium to high medium to high medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
913 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
914 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse 0.24 ha low to medium low to medium medium medium medium medium to high medium medium representative wines of the variety
915 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse medium to high medium medium medium medium low to medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
963 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1990 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety.
964 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1990 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety. Seems to have a low level of production.
1081 Haute-Corse CIVAM Corse - ENTAV 2004 Haute-Corse high medium medium medium medium medium medium medium well-balanced and aromatic wines clone appreciated for the quality of the wines obtained
1082 Haute-Corse CIVAM Corse - ENTAV 2004 Haute-Corse high medium to high medium medium to high low to medium medium high medium lively and representative wines of the variety interesting clone for its contribution of acidity in blends