Verdejo B
Name of the variety in France
Verdejo
Origin
This variety is originally from Spain, probably from the Castile y León region. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, Verdejo would result from the crossbreeding of Savagnin and Castellana blanca.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Verdejo blanco" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Verdejo is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2015 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 6.9
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the green tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs and a slight piping distribution of anthocyanin coloration,
- the green or copper young leaves with bronze spots and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the small, circulo-kidney-shaped adult leaves, with five or more rarely three lobes, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, small teeth, moderately long compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a finely blistered, slightly twisted or with revolute edges leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low or very low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 223 239 180 186 252 248 233 239
Allel 2 155 236 257 186 194 252 248 257 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half to 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Verdejo has a semi-erect to erect bearing and grows well under dry climates. In very fertile circumstances, an excess of vigor may increase the risk of coulure. This variety is sensitive to the wind. As its bud burst is early, Verdejo is also susceptible to spring frosts. It is best to prune it moderately long, such as a Guyot training system.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Verdejo is not very sensitive to downy mildew and grey rot. It is however more susceptible to powdery mildew and it is particularly susceptible to esca. This variety is also sensitive to mites and to grape moths.
Technological potentiality
Verdejo’s bunches are medium in size and compact. The berries are also medium, simple-flavored, with a thick skin, a lot of bloom and a juicy pulp. They keep a good acidity during the maturation. Verdejo musts and wines are quite sensitive to oxidation. Varietal Verdejo aromas are pronounced : apple, pear, citrus fruits, bitter almond, aniseed and freshly cut grass. This variety produces aromatic, fresh, lively, full-bodied, balanced, round white wines that are suited to ageing. Verdejo produces great quality ageing wines. In case of under ripeness, wines can have a herbaceous flavor.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Verdejo clone carries the number 1302.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al, 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
- Variedades de Vid en España, F. Cabello Sàenz de Santa María, 2011, Ed. Agricola Española, Spain.
- Registre Ampélographique International. 1961-1972, Ed. OIV, France.
- El vino uva a uva. C. Cidon and C. Gallego, 2006, Ed. Everest Publishing, Spain.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1302 Hérault IFV 2018