Velteliner rouge précoce Rs
Name of the variety in France
Velteliner rouge précoce
Origin
This variety is possibly originally from the north of Italy. Based ont published genetic analyses, Velteliner rouge précoce would be the result of a crossbreeding between Sylvaner and Velteliner rouge.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Velteliner rouge précoce is officially called by other names: Früher roter Malvasier (Germany), Frühroter Veltliner (Austria), Korai piros veltelini (Hungary), Veltlínske cervené skoré (Slovakia) and Veltlinské cervenobilé (Czech Republic).These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Velteliner rouge précoce is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary and Slovakia.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 2000 2008 2018
ha 9 3 4 6.8
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with red internodes,
- the pentagonal adult leaves, with three or five lobes, deep U-shaped upper lateral sinuses with slightly overlapping lobes, a slightly open to open petiole sinus, short to medium teeth with convex sides, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the slightly ellipsoid berries with a pink skin.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 247 186 192 252 240 235 263
Allel 2 149 238 253 191 204 252 248 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is vigorous and should preferably be pruned long and trellised.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Velteliner rouge précoce is fairly susceptible to diseases, particularly to downy mildew, powdery mildew and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are small. Velteliner rouge précoce produces generous, full-bodied, pleasant and aromatic wines (which sometimes tend to become maderized).
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Velteliner rouge précoce clone carries the number 962. A conservatory of ten or so clones was planted in the wine-growing region of Savoie in 1999.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France, (under the name of "Velteliner précoce").
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
962 Savoie ENTAV 1990 high medium to high medium low to medium low to medium high high low to medium medium to high clone susceptible to sour rot