Valensi noir N
Name of the variety in France
Valensi noir
Origin
This table grape variety would originally be from Spain or the South of France.
Synonyms
In Spain, Valensi noir is officially designated as "Valenci Tinto". This synonym is officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Valensi noir is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Spain.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 73 82 159 105 22 18 3.1
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, with three or five lobes, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, small teeth with straight sides, no or a weak or moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, finely blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs and no prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 225 239 178 188 244 254 257 239
Allel 2 141 234 243 186 196 248 254 259 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Valensi noir is a stongly vigorous variety with a semi-erect bearing that must be pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Valensi noir is not very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Valensi noir's bunches are large with a long and not very lignified peduncle. Berries are medium to large in size with a lot of bloom. The pulp is juicy, with a simple flavor.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages. P. Galet, 2000, Ed. Hachette, Paris.