Touriga nacional N
Name of the variety in France
Touriga nacional
Origin
This variety is originally from Portugal.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Touriga nacional is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2012 on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Croatia, Cyprus, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2008 2018
ha 1 11.7
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the circular or circulo-kidney-shaped adult leaves, with five lobes, U-shaped lateral sinuses, an open or slightly open petiole sinus, very short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or concave sides, a finely blistered leaf blade, undulate between the veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 239 178 188 246 248 233 239
Allel 2 149 234 239 186 194 246 254 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Touriga nacional is a variety with moderate vigor, with a semi-erect bearing. It can be pruned long. This variety must be trained. Touriga nacional should not be planted in soils that are too superficial.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Touriga nacional is not particularly sensitive to fungal diseases, except for phomopsis.
Technological potentiality
Touriga nacional's bunches are small with rather long peduncle. The berries are small to medium in size. This variety produces excellent quality, complex, aromatic, full-bodied, structured and very colored wines that are suited to ageing.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Touriga nacional clone carries the number 1201.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Càtalogo das castas para vinho cultivadas em Portugal. R. Faustino, 2011, Instituto da Vinha e do Vinho, I.P, Portugal.
- O grande livro das castas. I. Böhm, 2007, Ed. Chaves Ferreira, Portugal.
- Wine Grape Varieties. G.Kerridge and A. Anticliff, 1999, Ed. CSIRO, Australia.
- Grape Cultivars for Wine Production in South Africa. PG Goussard, 2008, Ed. Cheviot, South Africa.
- General viticulture. A. J. Winckler et al., 1974, United Stated of America.
- Note sur les cépages portugais et leur synonymie. P. Truel, 1983, Ed. Progrès Agricole et Viticole, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1201 Hérault IFV - INRA 2013 Languedoc-Roussillon representative wines of the variety