Tourbat B
Name of the variety in France
Tourbat
Origin
This variety would originally be from Catalonia but it can also be found in Sardinia.
Synonyms
In Italy, Tourbat is officially designated as "Torbato". This synonym is officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Tourbat is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 112 141 10 14 20 33 32
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adult leaves entire or with three or five lobes, with a petiole sinus with overlapping or very overlapping lobes, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twosted revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 229 243 176 186 248 254 235 239
Allel 2 149 238 249 178 188 252 254 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Tourbat displays a slightly drooping and bushy bearing. This variety is suited to short pruning and it must be planted in warm and dry soils. It is moreover a little susceptible to magnesium deficiency.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Tourbat is fairly susceptible to powdery mildew, thrips and vine leafhoppers.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large and loose. The berries are medium to large in size. Tourbat generally maintains a good acidty at full maturity and produces slightly aromatic and full-bodied wines.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Tourbat clones carry the numbers 911 and 987.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
911 Pyrénées-Orientales ENTAV 1987 Roussillon Clone not widely distributed, few references available.
987 Pyrénées-Orientales ENTAV 1992 Roussillon Clone not widely distributed, few references available.