Tibouren N
Name of the variety in France
Tibouren
Origin
Tibouren is a variety grown in the Provence region.
Synonyms
In Italy, Tibouren is officially designated as "Rossese". This synonym is officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Tibouren is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of other Member Stated of the European Union: Bulgaria and Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 314 368 452 447 407 417 453
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs, 
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adult levaes with seven or nine lobes, deep lateral sinuses, an open or slightly open petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted blistered leaf blade, andon the lower side of the leaves, a high density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries, with frequently very small berries that stay green.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 176 186 250 238 243 249
Allel 2 137 236 249 176 204 260 254 267 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Tibouren must be pruned short. It is susceptible to millerandage, dessication of the stemps and appears well suited to acid soils.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Tibouren does not seem particularly susceptible to diseases, except perhaps to mites.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium to large and the berries are medium in size. Tibouren is mostly used for the production of fine and expressive rosé wines. On the nose, these wines are fruity with floral notes. In the mouth, the wines are rather round and full-bodied, relatively long and often marked by oxidative notes.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Tibouren clones carry the numbers 1063 and 1137.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien, under the name "Rossese", [web site, visited in 2020].
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1063 Var CA 83 - ENTAV 2001 Var 0.17 ha medium to high medium low medium low high low medium low high aromatic and round rosé wines
1137 Var CA 83 - IFV 2009 Var medium medium high medium to high medium medium high fruity, aromatic rosé wines that last in the mouth