Tempranillo N
Name of the variety in France
Tempranillo
Origin
Tempranillo is originally from Spain (Rioja). Based on published genetic analyses, it would be the result of a crossbreeding between Albillo Mayor and Benedicto.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Tempranillo is officially called by other names: Aragonez (Portugal), Tinta roris (Cyprus) and Tinto tempranillo (Cyprus). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Tempranillo is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 551 2341 1556 1127 373
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high to very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the large, pentagonal, bluish-green adult leaves, with five lobes with an elongated central lobe, deep lateral sinuses, a petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, medium to long teeth with straight sides, a twisted, undulate between the veins near the petiole sinus or slightly goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs on the veins and a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 234 239 180 196 248 240 257 249
Allel 2 143 234 253 180 200 252 254 257 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is rather rustic and vigorous. It is well adapted to southern conditions but its branches are brittle and it is sensitive to the wind. Its early nature makes it possible to widen its growing areas (cooler climatic zones) and to harvest it before equinox rains. It is sufficiently fertile to be pruned short, but sometimes Tempranillo can show a certain alternation.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Tempranillo is not very sensitive to grey rot. It is especially susceptible to eutypa dieback and vine leafhoppers.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large (elongated) and the berries medium in size. In favorable terroirs, Tempranillo produces very pleasant, nicely colored and full-bodied quality wines but that are lacking acidity in hot zones. The quality and the alcohol degree drop quickly when the yields become excessive.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Tempranillo clones carry the numbers 770, 771 and 776.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
770 Espagne (Rioja) ENTAV 1982 Languedoc 7.63 ha medium to high medium to high medium low representative wines of the variety less divided leaves
771 Espagne (Rioja) ENTAV 1982 Languedoc 4.00 ha medium low to medium low high representative wines of the variety more divided leaves, shorter bunches
776 Espagne (Rioja) ENTAV 1982 Languedoc 4.24 ha low to medium low to medium medium high representative wines of the variety less divided leaves. Clone slightly irregular.