Tannat N
Name of the variety in France
Tannat
Origin
This variety is originally from the Pyrenees vineyards.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Tannat is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Greece, Italy and Portugal.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 4192 3925 3256 2891 2931 3147 2837
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the reddish young leaves with bronze spots,
- the pentagonal, dark green adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobes, an elongated central lobe, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, short teeth with straight sides, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a revolute blistered leaf blade, sometimes undulate between the main veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 236 249 182 194 240 254 233 239
Allel 2 153 238 249 186 200 252 254 243 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Tannat is a fairly vigorous variety that is usually pruned long and must be trellised.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Tannat is sensitive to mites and vine leafhoppers. It is also a little susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large while the berries are small to medium in size. Tannat produces colored, very tannic and lively (with slightly harsh acidity) wines. This variety gives powerful, full-bodied quality wines,that are suited to ageing.
Clonal selection in France
The twelve certified Tannat clones carry the numbers 398, 399, 472, 473, 474, 475, 717, 794, 944, 1048, 1154 and 1175. A conservatory of more than 300 clones was planted in 1995 in the French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
398 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1975 Sud-Ouest 3.41 ha medium to high medium to high medium to high medium to high medium to high medium medium medium medium to high balanced wines with finesse and aromatic intensity
399 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1975 Sud-Ouest 0.83 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium medium to high medium medium high low to medium representative wines of the variety more compact bunches
472 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1976 Sud-Ouest 0.89 ha medium to high medium to high medium to high medium to high medium to high low medium to high low to medium medium representative wines of the variety
473 Non précisée ENTAV 1976 Sud-Ouest 0.88 ha low to medium low to high low to medium low to medium medium low to medium low low to medium low to medium supple and less tannic wines
474 Landes ENTAV 1976 Sud-Ouest 3.25 ha low to medium low to medium medium medium low high medium to high medium to high medium to high well representative wines of the variety earlier clone, appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained.
475 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1976 Sud-Ouest 0.61 ha medium medium medium medium medium to high medium medium to high medium medium tannic wines that lack a little finesse
717 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1979 Sud-Ouest 4.80 ha medium medium medium medium low to medium medium to high medium to high low to medium high balanced, full-bodied, fine wines, powerful on the nose looser bunches, earlier maturity. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
794 Landes ENTAV 1981 Sud-Ouest 3.14 ha low to medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium to high structured and balanced wines
944 Pyrénées-Atlantiques INRA 1989 Sud-Ouest 2.88 ha low to medium medium medium medium medium to high medium medium medium low to medium powerful and representative wines of the variety
1048 Pyrénées-Atlantiques CA 64 - ENTAV 1999 Sud-Ouest 0.45 ha medium to high medium to high low to medium medium to high medium low to medium low to medium medium low to medium representative wines of the variety
1154 Pyrénées-Atlantiques CA 64 - IFV 2010 Sud-Ouest medium to high low low medium to high low to medium low to medium high medium to high medium medium to high medium to high aromatic, powerful and concentrated wines Moderate level of production and wines appreciated for their organoleptic characteristics.
1175 Pyrénées-Atlantiques CA64 - IFV 2011 Sud-Ouest medium low to medium low to medium medium medium low to medium medium to high medium to high medium medium to high medium fruity wines, less acidic and fatter than the other certified clones Lower than average production level and wines appreciated for their organoleptic characteristics.