Sultanine B
Name of the variety in France
Sultanine
Origin
This table grape variety of natural origin is grown in many countries.
Synonyms
In the European Union Sultanine is officially called by other names: Sultanina (Bulgaria, Portugal, Spain), Sultanina bianca (Italy) and Soultanina (Greece). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Sultanine is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low or very low density of prostate hairs,
- the shiny yellow young leaves,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with threelobes, with a petiole sinus with overlapping or very overlapping lobes, short to medium teeth with straight sides, the one corresponding to the main veins are a little longer, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a smooth, thin, shiny, involute on the edges, and sometimes goffered leaf blade, folded near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, no erect and prostate hairs,
- the narrow ellipsoid or ovoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 143 232 239 178 188 248 238 216 249
Allel 2 149 232 253 191 188 260 248 243 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks to 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Sultanine is an extremely vigorous variety, with a semi-erect to horizontal bearing. It must be trellised and pruned long. To obtain good flower initiation, Sultanine requires very favorable light and temperature conditions. As such, in France, its fertility in usually non-existent or very low.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Sultanine is very sensitive to downy mildew, powdery mildew, anthracnose, grey rot and phomopsis.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large, winged and moderately compact. The berries are seedless, medium in size with a moderately thick skin. The pulp is crunchy and not very acidic, with a simple pleasant flavor. For the production of table grapes, gibberrellic acid treatments and girdling can increase the size of the berries. Sultanine is also the main variety used for the production of raisins.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Sultanine clone carries the number 919.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
919 Hérault ENTAV 1988 Clone consistent with the characteristics of the variety.