Servant B
Name of the variety in France
Servant
Origin
This variety would originally be from the Languedoc region. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, it would result from the crossbreeding of Ferral and Wildbacher de Hongrie.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Servant is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. It is classified as a wine grape variety only in some French department (see the regulations in force). This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Italy and Spain.
Use
Wine and table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 4154 3998 1742 783 154 134 67
Surfaces declared as table grapes.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the circular adult leaves, with seven or nine lobes, an open or slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus, short or medium teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly revolute leaf blade, and the on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 180 188 240 238 243 239
Allel 2 131 232 249 182 204 248 254 257 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very late season, 6 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Servant is well suited to white limestone soils that are not too dry. This variety is sometimes susceptible to millerandage. It also tends to grow a substantial number of grappillons.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Servant resists well against grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Servant is mostly used as a table grape. The bunches and berries are large.The skin is thick and the pulp is fleshy with a simple flavor. This variety has a very good storage and transport capacity. When vinified, Servant produces relatively neutral white wines.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Servant clones carry the numbers 72 and 88. These clones are mainy used for the production of table grapes.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
72 Hérault ENTAV 1971 Clone not widely distributed.
88 Hérault ENTAV 1971 Clone not widely distributed.