Segalin N
Name of the variety in France
Segalin
Origin
This variety was obtained by INRA in 1957 by crossbreeding Jurançon noir and Portugais bleu.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Segalin is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine Varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 15 65 72 58
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the circular, dark green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, U-shaped lateral sinuses, a closed U-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, with sometimes naked petiole veins, short teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered, flat or involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs and a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 229 255 178 202 260 238 233 239
Allel 2 149 232 262 188 204 260 248 259 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Under southern region conditions, Segalin is not very vigorous. It is better adapted to more temperate areas where it can be trained and pruned moderately long and trellised. Segalin is sensitive to dessication of the stemse and magnesium deficiency, particularly when it is grafted onto SO4.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Segalin is not too sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size while the berries are very small. Segalin produces very colored, robust and tannic wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Segalin clone carries the number 745.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
745 INRA 1980 Languedoc
Lot