Sciaccarello N
Name of the variety in France
Sciaccarello
Origin
This variety, traditionally grown in Corsica, has been identified as the variety Mammolo, originally from Italy (Tuscany), based on ampelographic and genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier. Based on Italian genetic analyses, Sciacarello would be the result of a crossbreeding between Boggione rosso and Uva delle Vecchie.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Sciaccarellu" regarding plant propagation material. In Italy, Sciaccarello is officially designated as "Mammolo".
Legal information
In France, Sciaccarello is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine Varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 654 730 395 605 753 1253
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobes, with shallow lower lateral sinuses, a slightly open petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, medium to long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a thick, involute leaf blade on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries, with red black skin.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 180 194 246 238 235 251
Allel 2 131 225 247 186 204 246 240 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Sciaccarello displays moderate vigor and is suited to hot southern areas. It must be planted in relatively dry terroirs. Moderate pruning and limited yields are required to obtain quality red wines. When overripe , Sciaccarello berries tend to shrivel quickly.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Sciaccarello does not seem particularly susceptible to diseases.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are very large and the berries are large. Sciaccarello produces fine, balanced, not very colored wines, with a good aromatic complexity (strawberry then spicy aromas). This variety has a good sugar accummulation potential while maintaining a fairly good acidity. Sciaccarello is also interesting when blended or for the production of rosé wines.
Clonal selection in France
The nine certified Sciaccarello clones carry the numbers 744, 834, 874, 875, 907, 930, 961, 1275 and 1276. A conservatory of 60 or so clones was planted in the wine-growing region of Corsica in 2005.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien, under the name "Mammolo", [web site, visited in 2020].
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
744 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1980 Haute-Corse 0.27 ha high high medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
834 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1985 Haute-Corse 0.19 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
874 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1986 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety.
875 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1986 Haute-Corse 0.33 ha low low low to medium medium to high medium high high medium high high superior ageing potential in red wine
907 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse high
930 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1988 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety. Under study.
961 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1990 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety. Under study.
1275 Haute-Corse CRVI - IFV 2018 Haute-Corse supérieure supérieur moyen moyenne moyenne à supérieure moyenne inférieure à moyenne moyen moyenne à supérieure inférieure à moyenne moyenne à supérieure vins aromatiques et fruités clone adapté pour un vinification en rosé ou en rouge léger
1276 Haute-Corse CRVI - IFV 2018 Haute-Corse inférieure inférieur moyen moyenne moyenne moyenne supérieure moyen à supérieur moyenne moyenne à supérieure moyenne à supérieure vins colorés et bien structurés niveau de production faible, taux d’anthocyanes et de polyphénols élevés. Clone adapté pour la production de vins de garde