Sauvignon B
Name of the variety in France
Sauvignon
Origin
The center of France or the South west of France are the 2 possible origins of this variety. Based on published genetic analyses, Sauvignon would be closely related to Savagnin.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Sauvignon is officially called by other names: Sauvignon blanc (Austria, Germany, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Spain) and Zeleni sauvignon (Slovenia). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Sauvignon is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Greece, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 5508 8867 7028 12026 19974 24473 30955
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the young leaves that are yellow or yellow with bronze spots,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the small to medium circular adult leaves, with five lobes, a slightly open to open petiole sinus, medium teeth with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, blistered leaf blade, curly on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs and a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 239 172 188 246 240 233 239
Allel 2 149 229 257 186 194 248 248 235 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Sauvignon is a very vigorous variety and has a tendency to produce a lot of vegetation. This vigor, which can be very intense the first years, needs to be managed by planting in moderately fertile terroirs, by using weak rootstock and also by using adapted pruning techniques. Along with careful trellising and adapted training systems, finding a favorable micro-climate for the grape clusters is necessary.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Sauvignon is very susceptible to grey rot (compact bunches) and wood diseases and sensitive to powdery mildew. It is however not very sensitive to downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
The grape clusters and berries are small in size. Sauvignon can produce very elegant dry white wines: very fine, balanced and typical. The bunches and berries are small. Sauvignon produces elegant, fine, balances and typical dry white wines. Its varietal aromas, especially present in the wine during the first years, are quite specific and can present nuances (broom flowers, blackcurrant, boxwood...) depending on the terroir, the vintage and growing conditions. After late harvests or with noble rot, this variety can be used to produce great liqueur wines.
Clonal selection in France
The twenty certified Sauvignon clones carry the numbers 107, 108, 159, 160, 161, 240, 241, 242, 297, 316, 317, 376, 377, 378, 379, 530, 531, 619, 905 and 906. Three conservatories with a total of approximately 400 clones were planted in the Bordeaux region and in the Loire valley in 1993, 1994 and 2001.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
107 Cher INRA 1971 Centre
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
0.84 ha high high high high medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
108 Gironde INRA 1971 Bordelais
Centre
Languedoc
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
10.25 ha medium to high medium low to medium medium to high low to medium medium medium medium high aromatic wines, representative of the vine variety clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained En savoir plus
159 Cher INRA 1972 Bordelais
Centre
Languedoc
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
4.47 ha medium medium medium medium medium high medium to high high aromatic wines, sometimes a bit heavy more divided leaves, red canes
160 Cher INRA 1972 Bordelais
Centre
Loire-Valley
0.38 ha high high medium to high medium high medium low to medium medium medium representative wines of the variety sometimes difficult maturation in late maturity areas
161 Gironde INRA 1972 Centre
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
0.30 ha high high high high high high low to medium medium medium representative wines of the variety later maturity clone. Leaves less divided and fairly flat.
240 Loir-et-Cher ENTAV 1973 Centre
Languedoc
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
1.22 ha medium medium medium high high medium to high medium medium medium representative wines of the variety compact bunches. Vigor hard to manage.
241 Loir-et-Cher ENTAV 1973 Centre
Languedoc
Loire-Valley
3.35 ha medium to high medium to high medium high medium high medium medium medium and irregular sometimes slightly light wines compact bunches. Vigor hard to manage.
242 Loir-et-Cher ENTAV 1973 Bordelais
Centre
Languedoc
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
5.47 ha medium to high medium to high medium high medium medium medium to high low to medium high balanced wines, representative of the variety vigor is hard to manage
297 Loir-et-Cher ENTAV 1973 Centre
Languedoc
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
5.62 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium to high medium medium medium medium to high medium representative wines of the variety less compact bunches
316 Gironde INRA 1973 Bordelais
Centre
Languedoc
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
10.76 ha low to medium medium medium medium to high medium to high medium medium medium medium to high aromatic wines (sometimes with muscaté notes) clone carrying the leafroll associated virus 2. Appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained.
317 Gironde INRA 1973 Bordelais
Centre
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
4.60 ha medium medium medium medium medium to high medium medium medium medium good typicity in dry and semi-sweet wines clone carrying the leafroll associated virus 2
376 Loir-et-Cher ENTAV 1975 Centre
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
3.75 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium to high medium representative wines of the variety
377 Loir-et-Cher ENTAV 1975 Loire-Valley 0.76 ha medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
378 Loir-et-Cher ENTAV 1975 Centre
Languedoc
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
1.58 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium medium low to medium medium to high medium to high representative wines of the variety
379 Loir-et-Cher ENTAV 1975 Loire-Valley 0.22ha medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
530 Cher INRA 1976 Centre
Languedoc
Loire-Valley
Rhône-Valley
1.96 ha low to medium low to medium low to medium low medium high high medium high aromatic and ample wines earlier clone, appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained.
531 Cher INRA 1976 Bordelais medium medium low to medium medium irregular representative wines of the variety
619 Cher INRA 1978 Centre
Languedoc
Loire-Valley
0.29 ha medium medium medium low medium high low to medium low to medium medium to high representative wines of the variety
905 Gironde INRA 1987 Bordelais
Languedoc
2.18 ha medium medium medium medium low to medium low to medium medium to high medium medium aromatic, round wines, representative of the variety clone a little earlier and sometimes irregular depending on the circumstances. Appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained. En savoir plus
906 Gironde INRA 1987 Bordelais
Languedoc
0.71 ha medium low to medium low to medium medium to high low to medium low to medium medium to high medium medium to high very aromatic, round, wines, representative of the variety clone a little earlier and appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained. En savoir plus