Saperavi N
Name of the variety in France
Saperavi
Origin
This variety is originally from Georgia.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Saperavi is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2012 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 5.1
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the medium to large, circular adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobes, with shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, medium teeth with convex or sometimes straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the slightly ellipsoid berries, with a colorless pulp but with a very colored skin.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 221 239 186 188 244 238 234 243
Allel 2 143 238 239 189 200 262 240 243 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Saperavi has a moderate vigor with a semi-erect bearing. It should preferably be trellised. Saperavi is a variety that is both adapted to cold winters and to drought conditions.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Saperavi does not seem particularly sensitive to fungal diseases.
Technological potentiality
Saperavi's bunches are small to medium in size with slightly lignified peduncle. The berries are medium in size. This variety, which can be considered to be semi-teinturier, produces powerful, very colored, acidic and tannic wines. It can also be used to make sweet wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Saperavi clone carries the number 1187.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Ampelografia Republicii Populare Romine. G. Constantinescu, 1959-1970, Ed. Academiei Republicii Populare Romine, Romania.
- Caucasus and Northern Black Sea Region Ampelography. D. Maghradze et al., 2012, Ed. Vitis, Germany.
- Ampelographic Catalogue of Grape Varieties from Skra Collection. D. Maghradze et al., 2017, Ed. Vitis, Germany.
- Ampélographie de l’URSS. A.M. Frolov-Bagreev et al., 1946-956, Ed. Kolos, Moscow, Russia.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1187 Georgie IFV 2012 Languedoc representative wines of the variety