Saint-Macaire N
Name of the variety in France
Saint-Macaire
Origin
This variety is originally from the Bordeaux vineyards.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Saint-Macaire is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2018
ha 200 110 25 7 0.4
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs, 
- the yellow or green young leaves,
- the adult leaves with three, five or seven lobes, shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, small teeth with straight or convex sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, strongly blistered and sometimes goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a high density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 239 176 188 252 254 233 239
Allel 2 153 238 249 186 200 252 254 247 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Saint-Macaire is vigorous and not very fertile when pruned short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Saint-Macaire is susceptible to powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are medium in size. Saint-Macaire produces very colored but fairly ordinary and relatively acidic wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Saint-Macaire clone carries the number 1218.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1218 Hérault IFV - INRA 2014 Languedoc-Roussillon representative wines of the variety