Sacy B
Name of the variety in France
Sacy
Origin
This variety is native to the Allier region and, based on published genetic studies, it would be the result of the crossbreeding between Pinot and Gouais blanc.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Tressallier" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Sacy is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 655 484 209 109 172 56 71
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs, 
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the adult leaves, entire or with five lobes, with a slightly open petiole sinus, medium teeth with straight sides, an involute blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 239 176 194 238 238 216 239
Allel 2 135 238 249 186 204 246 238 227 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Sacy is a vigorous variety. Usually pruned long, this fertile variety can also be pruned short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Sacy does not seem particularly susceptible to diseases.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are small. Sacy mostly produces base wines for sparkling wines. They are light, fairly acidic with low alcohol degree. This variety can also be used to produce elegant still wines with character.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Sacy clones carry the numbers 793, 833 and 965. A conservatory of almost 70 clones was planted in the French department of Allier in 2013.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
793 Allier ENTAV 1984 Centre 0.37 ha high high high low high representative wines of the variety
833 Allier ENTAV 1985 Centre 0.39 ha low medium high high low representative wines of the variety clone appreciated for its moderate production level and higher sugar content
965 Allier INRA 1990 Clone not widely distributed.