Roussanne B
Name of the variety in France
Roussanne
Origin
This variety is originally from the north of the Rhône valley.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Roussanne is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Italy and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 71 54 51 120 676 1074 2179
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the adult leaves with five or seven lobes, very deep lateral sinuses, a slightly open petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, very short teeth compared to their width at the bas, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a very low or low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 182 196 240 240 257 251
Allel 2 131 229 253 186 200 252 248 257 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Roussanne has very long shoots and, as a consequence, requires carefull trellising. This variety can be pruned short or moderately long. This grape variety is well suited to poor clay-limestone soils that are rather stony and well exposed.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Roussanne is very sensitive to powdery mildew, grey rot, mites and thrips.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small to moderate. The berries are small in size and turn red when fully ripe. Roussanne producespowerful wines of great finesse and complexity (floral and fruity notes of honey, hawthorn and apricot) with a good acidity balance. These wines are suited for ageing. This variety highlights and brings out the nuances of excellent terroirs.
Clonal selection in France
The five certified Roussanne clones carry the numbers 467, 468, 469, 522 and 1040. A conservatory of over 50 clones was planted in the Rhône valley in 2001.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
467 Savoie ENTAV 1976 Rhône-Valley 2.04 ha low to medium low low medium medium medium aromatic, round and balanced wines clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
468 Savoie ENTAV 1976 Rhône-Valley 0.87 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
469 Non précisée ENTAV 1976 Rhône-Valley 1.22 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
522 Savoie ENTAV 1976 Rhône-Valley 4.18 ha low to medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
1040 Savoie CA 07 - ENTAV 2006 Rhône-Valley high high medium medium medium medium balanced wines with floral aromas, volume and that last long on the palate wines appreciated in tasting with a level of production higher than the average of the variety