Robin noir N
Name of the variety in France
Robin noir
Origin
This variety is native to the Alpine vineyards. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, Robin noir would result from the crossbreeding of Mondeuse blanche and Tressot.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Salagnin" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Robin noir is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2015 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 1
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
the green tip of the young shoot with a low to medium density of prostate hairs and a piping distribution of anthocyanin coloration,
- the shiny green young leaves with bronze spots and a very low to low density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with green or red-striped internodes,
- the wedge-shaped or circular adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobes, with moderately deep narrow upper lateral sinuses, an open V- or U-shaped petiole sinus, small to medium teeth, moderately long or long compared to their width at the base with straight sides or with one side concave and one side convex, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, blistered, slightly goffered leaf blade, sometimes folded near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid or sometimes round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 249 176 194 256 238 216 239
Allel 2 137 229 260 186 200 260 240 257 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half to 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Robin noir is vigorous, productive and has a semi-erect to erect bearing. This variety can sometimes be susceptible to millerandage.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Robin noir is very sensitive to downy mildew but it is not very affected by powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
Robin noir’s bunches are small to medium, often winged and compact. The berries are medium in size, simple-flavored, with a moderately thick skin and a juicy pulp. The berries have a good sugar accumulation potential but are not very acidic. This variety produces colored and tannic wines that are suited to ageing.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Registre Ampélographique International. 1961-1972, Ed. OIV, France.
- Le vignoble. A. Mas and V. Pulliat, 1874-1879, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.