Rivairenc N
Name of the variety in France
Rivairenc
Origin
This variety is originally from the Languedoc region.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Aspiran noir" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Rivairenc is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1988 2018
ha 99 23 7 7
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs and a strong anthocyanin coloration, 
- the young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, with five lobes, deep lateral sinuses, a slightly open petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides or with one side concave and one side convex, a moderate to strong anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, finely blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 176 204 252 240 227 239
Allel 2 131 223 249 178 204 260 248 257 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Rivairenc has a moderate vigor, with a fairly erect bearing, and must be pruned short. This variety is well adapted to hot climates, and dry and not very fertile terroirs. Rivairenc is moreover susceptible to winter frosts.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Rivairenc is not very susceptible to grey rot. However, it is more sensitive to powdery and downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are large to very large. Rivairenc produces fairly light and not very colored wine. The sugar potential of this variety is fairly low.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Rivairenc clone carries the number 1152.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1152 Hérault IFV 2010 Languedoc medium medium to high medium to high medium medium medium representative wines of the variety