Riesling B
Name of the variety in France
Riesling
Origin
This variety is in all likelihood originally from the banks of the Rhine river. Based on published genetic analyses, it is probably a descendant of Gouais blanc.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Riesling is officially called by other names: Rajnai rizling (Hungary), Renski rizling (Slovenia), Rhine Riesling (Cyprus), Riesling renano (Italy), Rizling rýnsky (Czech Republic, Slovakia) and Weißer Riesling (Germany, Austria). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Riesling is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 787 1047 2195 2918 3404 3423 3492
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the shoots with red or red-striped internodes,
- the circular adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, deep U-shaped lateral sinuses, a petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, medium teeth with convex or straight sides, a weak to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the slightly obloid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 249 178 194 244 248 227 251
Allel 2 149 232 257 186 204 246 254 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Riesling has good resistance to winter cold andits fruitfulness after spring frost is good. This variety must be pruned long and trained. It is a little sensitive to dessication of the stems. Its ideal terroirs are varied (limestone, granite) but are mainly made up of schist.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Riesling is sensitive to grey rot, anthracnose and grape moths. Under certain conditions, grey rot attacks on the peduncles can lead to early grape drop.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are small. Riesling produces great quality dry white wines: very aromatic, lively and elegant. The acidity balance is very high. These wines are suited to ageing and their bouquet evolves slowly towards "petroleum" (hydrocarbons) aromas. Riesling, when over-ripened or in the presence of noble rot can produce great liqueur wines.
Clonal selection in France
The eight certified Riesling clones carry the numbers 49, 1089, 1090, 1091, 1092, 1094, 1096 and 1097. A conservatory of almost 190 clones was planted in Alsace in 1997.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
49 Alsace INRA 1971 Alsace 4.06 ha high high high medium medium to high low to medium medium to high representative wines of the variety productive clone
1089 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2006 Alsace 0.20 ha low low low medium medium high low to medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
1090 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2007 Alsace 0,65 ha medium low low medium medium high medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained this clone should not be grafted onto 3309C or Gravesac, as these associations may lead to dysfunctional affinities
1091 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2006 Alsace 0.20 ha medium medium medium to high medium low to medium high low to medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained this clone should not be grafted onto 3309C or Gravesac, as these associations may lead to dysfunctional affinities
1092 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2008 Alsace 0,35 ha medium low to medium medium medium low to medium medium medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained. Loose bunches.
1094 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2008 Alsace 0,36 ha medium to high medium low to medium medium to high medium to high medium medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
1096 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2010 Alsace 0,28 ha medium medium medium high medium medium medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained. It is vigorous and adapted to stressful pedoclimatic conditions.
1097 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2008 Alsace 0,15 ha low to medium medium medium to high medium medium medium medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained