Reine des Vignes B
Name of the variety in France
Reine des Vignes
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1916 by Jean Mathiasz in Hungary by crossbreeding Dattier de Beyrouth and Perle de Csaba.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Reine des Vignes is officially called by other names: Königin der Weingärten (Austria), Kraljica vinograda (Croatie), Regina dei vigneti (Italy), Reina de las Viñas (Spain) and Szoloskertek királynoje (Hungary). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Reine des Vignes is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 2018
ha 59 19 ND
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobes, with shallow lateral sinuses, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, medium teeth with straight or convex sides, those corresponding to the main veins are a little longer, no or a very weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a smooth slightly twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs and no or a very low density of prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries with a muscat or simple flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 176 186 252 240 233 271
Allel 2 133 234 249 182 204 256 254 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, half a week before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Reine des Vignes is a weak variety with a semi-erect or horizontal bearing. This variety is susceptible to millerandage and can be pruned short or long. Reine des Vignes tends to produce many grappillons.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Reine des Vignes is susceptible to grey rot, downy and powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium to large size and moderately compact. The berries are large with a juicy pleasantly flavored pulp.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.