Raisaine B
Name of the variety in France
Raisaine
Origin
This variety is originally from the Cévennes ardéchoises. Based on genetic analysis carried out in Montpellier, it would result from the crossbreeding of Ribier noir and Grec rouge.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Raisaine is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2016 on the A list but is not yet classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0.1
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs and a piping distribution of anthocyanin coloration,
- the green yellow young leaves with bronze spots and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with short, red or red-striped internodes,
- the wedge-shaped or circular, dark green adult leaves, with five lobes, deep V-shaped upper lateral sinuses, an open or slightly open V- or brace-shaped petiole sinus, moderately long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides or with one side concave and one side convex, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a thick, finely blistered, twisted, sometimes involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with rather numerous brown lenticels on the surface.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 178 194 244 240 245 261
Allel 2 131 234 249 182 204 252 240 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half to 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Raisaine is vigorous, productive and has a semi-erect or erect bearing. It can be pruned short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Raisaine is sensitive to downy mildew and less to powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
Raisaine’s bunches are medium in size and compact. The berries are medium to large, simple-flavored, with a moderately thick skin, a lot of bloom and a firm and juicy pulp. Raiasaine produces round, fluid wines with a low acidity and honey and quince aromas. Raisaine could also be used as table grapes.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Raisaine clone carries the number 1297.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Le vignoble. A. Mas and V. Pulliat, 1874-1879, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Registre Ampélographique International. 1961-1972, Ed. OIV, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1297 Ardèche IFV 2018