Prunelard N
Name of the variety in France
Prunelard
Origin
This variety is originally from the Gaillac region (Tarn).
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Prunelard is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 7 1 2 7 73
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the entire adult leaves, with a slighltly open or closed with parallel edges V-shaped petiole sinus, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no or a very weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a shiny revolute leaf blade, sometimes undulate between the veins near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 236 239 182 194 240 238 243 239
Allel 2 141 236 262 186 202 246 254 267 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Prunelard is not very productive but is fairly vigorous, with an erect bearing, and can be pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Prunelard is very susceptible to mites in spring. On the other hand, it is not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small and the berries are medium in size. Prunelard produces colored, full-bodied and balanced wines that are suited to ageing. At full maturity, the alcohol content may be high. The wines have ripe fruit and spicy aromas.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Prunelard clones carry the numbers 1232 and 1233. A conservatory of twenty or so clones was planted in 1998 in the wine-growing region of Gaillac (French department of Tarn).
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1232 Tarn IFV 2015 Sud-Ouest medium medium to slightly high medium to high medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium to high structured and complex wines with a good aromatic intensity especially spicy aromas New slightly above-average production level and most popular wines in tasting
1233 Tarn IFV 2015 Sud-Ouest medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium to high structured wines with a good aromatic intensity New average production level and wines appreciated for their organoleptic characteristics