Primitivo N
Name of the variety in France
Primitivo
Origin
Primitivo is a traditional variety from the south of Italy (Puglia).
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Zinfandel" regarding plant propogation material. In Croatia, Pimitivo is officially designated as "Crljenak kastelanski".
Legal information
In France, Primitivo is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2011 on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed on the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union : Bulgaria, Germany, Italy, Malta and Portugal.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2008 2018
ha 1 1.7
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the young leaves with bronze spots or that are reddish,
- the shoots that are red or with red stripes,
- the wedge-shaped or pentagonal adult leaves, with five, seven or nine lobes, a closed U-shaped petiole sinus, with sometimes naked petiole veins, medium to large teeth with straight sides, a strong anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat or slightly involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect hairs and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 176 200 238 238 247 255
Allel 2 141 234 249 178 204 260 238 257 263
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half to 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Primitivo is moderately vigorous, with a semi-erect to erect bearing. It must be trained and pruned short. Its adaption to drought is modest and grape maturity can be irregular.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Primitivo is rather sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Primitivo's bunches are medium to large in size, quite compact and the berries are medium in size. This variety produces rather warm, colored, tannic, but moderately aromatic wine.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Primitivo clone carries the number 1174.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al., 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien [web site, visited in 2020].
- Registre Ampélographique International. 1961-1972, Ed. OIV, France.
- General viticulture. A. J. Winckler et al., 1974, United Stated of America.
- Wine Grape Varieties in California. L. Christensen et al., 2003, Ed. University of California Agriculture and Natural Ressources, United Stated of America.
- Grape Cultivars for Wine Production in South Africa. PG Goussard, 2008, Ed. Cheviot, South Africa.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1174 Hérault IFV 2011 Languedoc representative wines of the variety