Précoce Bousquet B
Name of the variety in France
Précoce Bousquet
Origin
This variety was selected by M. Bousquet in the Tarn region and corresponds to the traditional Hungarian variety Honigler.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Précoce Bousquet is officially called by other names : Bela (Slovenia) and Honigler (Hungary). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Précoce Bousquet is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed on the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union : Hungary and Slovenia.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 33 35 23 24 12 8 2.8
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the circular adult leaves, with three or five lobes, closed U-shaped lateral sinuses with slightly overlapping lobes, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, medium teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect hairs and a low density of prostate hairs,
- round-shaped or slightly flat berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 243 178 188 252 240 247 247
Allel 2 143 229 247 191 204 260 254 259 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, half a week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Précoce Bousquet has moderate fertility and should preferably be pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Précoce Bousquet is susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium to large and the berries are medium in size. Précoce Bousquet produces rather warm but neutral wines.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.