Poulsard N
Name of the variety in France
Poulsard
Origin
This is a native variety from the Jura region vineyards. Based on published genetic analyses, Poulsard would be closely related to Rèze.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Ploussard" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Poulsard is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 314 279 292 297 308 311 257
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very low to low density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adult leaves with five or seven lobes, deep U-shaped lateral sinuses, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, medium teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat or slightly revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low or very low density of erect hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 233 176 194 248 238 216 239
Allel 2 135 236 247 186 196 256 240 243 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Poulsard is a rather delicate variety. It is sensitive to spring frosts, coulure and heat. It must be pruned long and trellised. Poulsard is suited to marly and limestone soils.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is particularly susceptible to powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small while the berries are medium to large in size. Poulsard produces aromatic, not very full-bodied wines with a great finesse, variable color which occasionally takes on an "onion skin" shade.
Clonal selection in France
The four certified Poulsard clones carry the numbers 464, 584, 1047 and 1231. A conservatory of 14 clones was implanted in the French department of Jura in 2005.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
464 Jura ENTAV 1976 Jura high low representative wines of the variety productive clone
584 Jura ENTAV 1978 Jura medium high low to medium low to medium balanced wines, representative of the variety
1047 Jura ENTAV 1998 Jura low to medium low to medium medium medium medium high low to medium high low to medium medium balanced wines, representative of the variety
1231 Jura Société Viticulture du Jura - IFV 2015 Jura medium to high low to medium low low low to medium high high medium medium to high medium to high more colored wines than other clones and good organoleptic qualities New earlier clone with loose bunches and average production level. Wines appreciated in tasting