Piquepoul blanc B
Name of the variety in France
Piquepoul blanc
Origin
This variety corresponds to the white mutation of Piquepoul noir.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Piquepoul blanc is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 903 856 592 594 650 1235 1748
Piquepoul blanc and gris.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the shoots with green or slighty red-striped internodes,
- the circular adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, an open or slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus, medium to long teeth (particularly for those corresponding to the main veins) with convex sides, a weak to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 188 252 240 233 239
Allel 2 131 229 243 186 188 252 248 235 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is fertile, productive and must be pruned short-pruned. It is adapted to clay-limestone terroirs and sandy terrains (it was used to be grown ungrafted in the sands of the Mediterranean coast). As maturity is reached fairly late, it must be planted in warm southern regions. Grafting this variety onto 110 R should be avoided.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Piquepoul blanc is sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large and the berries are medium in size. In appropriate terroirs, Piquepoul blanc produces typical, lively and pleasant white wines.
Clonal selection in France
The four certified Piquepoul blanc clones carry the numbers 176, 237, 238 and 463. A conservatory of almost 400 clones was planted in 1994 in the French department of Hérault.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
176 Hérault ENTAV 1972 Languedoc 0.20 ha high medium to high medium medium representative wines of the variety
237 Hérault ENTAV 1973 Languedoc 0.36 ha medium medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety
238 Hérault ENTAV 1973 Languedoc 0.08 ha low to medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
463 Hérault ENTAV 1976 Languedoc 0.13 ha medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety