Pinotage N
Name of the variety in France
Pinotage
Origin
This variety was obtained by A.I. Perold in South Africa in 1925 and results from the crossbreeding between Pinot noir and Cinsaut.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Pinotage is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2012 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 1.3
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the wedge-shaped adult leaves, with five lobes, open lateral sinuses with a fairly frequent tooth inside, an open U-shaped petiole sinus with the a tooth inside, short teeth with straight sides, a finely blistered leaf blade, undulate between the veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the clearly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 194 240 248 216 239
Allel 2 149 236 247 182 204 246 248 227 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Pinotage is moderately vigorous, rather fertile and productive, with an erect bearing. It can be pruned short. Its shoots are quite sensitive to the wind and thus this variety should be trellised.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Pinotage does not seem particularly sensitive to fungal diseases.
Technological potentiality
Pinotage's bunches are small to medium in size, cylindrical, wide and compact, with a short peduncle. The berries are also small to moderate in size. This variety produces rather full-bodied, very typical wines, with a particular aromatic character. It is sometimes used to make rosé wines and even sweet wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Pinotage clone carries the number 1186.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Registre Ampélographique International. 1961-1972, Ed. OIV, France.
- Guide des cépages : 300 cépages et leurs vins. H. Ambrosi et al., 1997, Ed. Ulmer, France.
- Grape Cultivars for Wine Production in South Africa, PG. Goussard, 2008, Ed. Cheviot, South Africa.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1186 Hérault IFV 2012 Languedoc representative wines of the variety