Pinot gris G
Name of the variety in France
This variety corresponds to the grey mutation of Pinot noir. It is fairly common to find variations with the white grape form on the same vine trunk. This is much less often the case with the dark form.
In the European Union, Pinot gris is officially called by other names: Grauer Burgunder (Austria), Pinot grigio (Italy), Ruländer (Germany, Austria, Netherlands), Rulandské sede (Czech republic, Slovakia), Sivi pinot (Slovenia) and Szürkebarat (Hungary). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
En France, le Pinot gris is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
The description corresponds to that of Pinot noir, except for the skin color of the berries when ripe, which in this case is grey. In southern areas, this tint can become relatively dark.
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Pinot gris is rather vigorous but not very productive. This variety is well adapted to northern regions, rather deep limestone, relatively dry and well exposed terroirs. It is not very sensitive to winter cold and its fruit production is good following spring frost.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is a little sensitive to grey rot and downy mildew.
The bunches and berries are small or very small in size. Pinot gris can produce wines of great finesse: very powerful, full-bodied and aromatic. The sugar accumulation potential is high and acidity low to moderate. Pinot gris poduces wines that generally have a pronounced yellow color and specific aromas compared to Pinot blanc.
Clonal selection in France
The five certified Pinot gris clones carry the numbers 52, 53, 457, 1329 and 1344.
A conservatory collection of 200 or so clones and was planted in Alsace in 1984. Two other conservatories have been planted: on of 9 clones in the Champagne wine-growing region and one of 14 clones in the French department of Côte-d'Or in 1993.
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.