Picarlat N
Name of the variety in France
Picarlat
Origin
This variety was obtained by INRA and SICAREX Beaujolais in the 1980's and results from the crossbreeding of Pinot noir and Cabernet-Sauvignon.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Picarlat is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2014 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs and a piping distribution of anthocyanin coloration,
- the copper or reddish young leaves, with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with a ribbed surface and short light red tendrils,
- the circular, dark green adult leaves, with five lobes, deep club-shaped lateral sinuses with sometimes a tooth inside, an open or slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus, with often naked petiole veins, moderately long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly twisted, blistered, goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no erect hairs and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 229 239 172 188 246 238 216 239
Allel 2 137 236 243 186 194 248 238 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Picarlat is vigorous with a semi-erect bearing. This variety can be pruned short and tends to produce a lot of grappillons.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Picarlat is sensitive to downy mildew and powdery mildew. This variety is however less affected by grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Picarlat’s bunches are medium in size and compact. The berries are also medium, simple-flavored or with a slightly herbaceous flavor, with a thin skin and a very juicy and soft pulp. Picarlat produces powerful, not very acidic, very colored and tannic wines. They have a nice aromatic intensity, with vegetal and spicy notes. Picarlat wines are suitable for ageing.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Picarlat clone carries the number 1229.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1229 Rhône Sicarex Beaujolais - IFV 2015 Beaujolais New