Picardan B
Name of the variety in France
Picardan
Origin
This variety is originally from the South of France.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Araignan" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Picardan is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1988 2018
ha 60 10 2.9
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the wedge-shaped or pentagonal adult leaves, with three lobes, a closed petiole sinus with slightly overlapping lobes, large teeth, moderately long compared to their width at the base with staight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a finely blistered, sometimes goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 182 196 238 248 233 239
Allel 2 135 238 249 188 204 252 254 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half to 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Picardan has a moderate vigor, with a semi-erect bearing. It must be pruned short and preferably trellised. This variety is susceptible to magnesium deficiency and is well adapted to hot areas and, dry and not very fertile terroirs.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Picardan is a little susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are large. Picardan produces fruity, fairly fine and moderately aciditic wines. The sugar potential is low to moderate.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Picardan clone carries the number 1183.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1183 Vaucluse CA 84 - IFV 2012 representative wines of the variety