Petit Verdot N
Name of the variety in France
Petit Verdot
Origin
This variety is originally from the south west of France.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Petit Verdot is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the Europen Union: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 685 401 522 338 364 729 1475
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves and tendrils,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the cordate, matte, dark green adult leaves, with three lobes, a slightly open petiole sinus or with parallel edges, and occasionally with a tooth on the edge, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly revolute, blistered leaf blade, undulate between the veins near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 239 176 194 252 248 216 239
Allel 2 153 229 262 186 204 256 254 235 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half to 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Petit Verdot is a fertile and rather productive variety. It grows soft shoots, fragile at the base, rather long, with horizontal bearing which need trellising. It is well adapted to gravelly soils. In southern areas, Petit Verdot requires regular watering. Formerly, some stumps were sensitive to coulure due to the presence of a stigma malformation. This characteristic has been eliminated in France with selection work.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is a little sensitive to powdery mildew and mites.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium and berries are small in size. Petit Verdot, when fully ripe, can produce very powerful, rich, colored and tannic wines. These quality wines are suited to ageing, which, when blended, can provide body, color and liveliness to flat wines. Under favorable weather conditions, Petit Verdot can produce grapes that are rich in sugar while maintaining high acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The four certified Petit Verdot clones carry the numbers 400, 1058, 1273 and 1274. Three conservatories of approximately 150 clones in total were planted since 2002 in the Bordeaux wine-growing region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
400 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1975 Bordelais 13.46 ha high medium to high medium medium to high medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
1058 Gironde CA 33 - ENTAV 2000 Bordelais 3.75 ha low low to medium medium medium medium medium to high medium medium balanced, round and colored wines a little later maturity. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained. En savoir plus
1273 Gironde Pépinières Mercier - IFV 2018 Bordelais inférieure inférieur inférieur moyenne inférieure à moyenne moyenne à supérieure supérieur inférieure moyenne à supérieure moyenne à supérieure vins structurés, longs et bien équilibrés niveau de production inférieur avec grappes et baies plus petites.<br/> Port de la végétation érigé. Vins appréciés en dégustation grâce à leur structure tannique, une bonne longueur et un équilibre harmonieux
1274 Gironde Pépinières Mercier - IFV 2018 Bordelais inférieure à moyenne moyen moyen moyenne à supérieure moyenne inférieure à moyenne moyen inférieure moyenne à supérieure moyenne à supérieure vins bien équilibrés et typiques du cépage clone présentant un bon potentiel de production. Vins appréciés en dégustation