Petit Meslier B
Name of the variety in France
Petit Meslier
Origin
This variety is originally from the north of France and based on published genetic analyses, would be the result of crossbreeding Gouais blanc and Savagnin.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Petit Meslier is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2018
ha 46 19 17 1 16
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red internodes,
- the small, circular adult leaves, with five lobes, open U-shaped lateral sinuses, a slightly open petiole sinus or with parallel edges, short teeth, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a matte blistered leaf blade, folded near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 249 176 194 238 238 235 271
Allel 2 149 236 257 186 204 252 248 245 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Petit Meslier displays moderate vigor and early budburst which exposes it to spring frosts. It is also susceptible to millerandage and coulure. Preferance should be given to long pruning and planting in favorable and well-exposed terroirs.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Petit Meslier is very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are small. Petit Meslier has a good sugar accumulation potential and a low juice yield. This variety produces dry white wines or base wines for good quality, fine and lively sparkling wines with interesting aromatic characteristics.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Petit Meslier clones carry the numbers 1088 and 1195. A conservatory of 36 clones was planted in 2003 in the Champagne region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1088 Champagne IFV 2010 representative wines of the variety
1195 Marne IFV 2013 Languedoc-Roussillon representative wines of the variety