Petit Manseng B
Name of the variety in France
Petit Manseng
Origin
This variety is originally from the Pyrénées-Atlantiques region. Based on published genetic analyses, Petit Manseng would be closely related to Savagnin.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Petit Manseng is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Spain and Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1998 2008 2018
ha 32 34 520 650 1445
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with five lobes, with shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, short teeth with straight or convex sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of the petiole sinus, a slightly revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 229 239 186 194 248 238 233 239
Allel 2 153 236 257 186 204 252 248 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Petit Manseng is vigorous and must be trellised and pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is very resistant to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small and the berries very small. Petit Manseng is remarkable in its great capacity to concentrate sugar in its berries while maintaining an extremely high acidity. Thus, this variety naturally produces aromatic and great quality liqueur wines.
Clonal selection in France
The four certified Petit Manseng clones carry the numbers 440, 573, 1107 and 1113. A conservatory of approximately a 100 clones has been planted in the wine-growing region of Jurançon (French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques) in 1996.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
440 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1976 Sud-Ouest 1.56 ha medium medium medium medium medium to high medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
573 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1978 Sud-Ouest 1.51 ha high high medium to high medium medium to high medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety denser vegetation
1107 Pyrénées-Atlantiques CA 64 - ENTAV 2006 Sud-Ouest low low low medium low to medium medium to high medium low aromatic and fat wines, persistent in the mouth
1113 Pyrénées-Atlantiques CA64 - IFV 2007 Sud-Ouest high medium medium medium low medium medium high wines with a high acidity This clone produces many bunches with small pips. Moderately high yield, late bud burst and ripening with high acidity.