Persan N
Name of the variety in France
Persan
Origin
This variety is found in the Savoie and Isère regions.
Synonyms
In Italy, Persan is officially designated as "Becuet". This synonym is officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Persan is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 201 179 18 8 3 6 20
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow or green young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the large, circular or kidney-shaped, dark green adult leaves, with five lobes, an open petiole sinus, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute, sometimes goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the narrow ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 225 239 182 188 240 248 233 239
Allel 2 149 236 257 186 194 252 262 233 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Persan is a vigorous variety which is generally pruned long, trained and managed in high growth vine stocks. Good results can be obtained on limestone scree soils.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Persan is susceptible to downy and powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are small. Persan produces tannic wines, with a good acidity, that are suited for ageing.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Persan clone carries the number 1110. A conservatory of 15 or so clones was planted in 1999 in the wine-growing region of Savoie.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien, under the name "Becuet", [web site, visited in 2020].
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1110 Savoie CA 73 - ENTAV 2006 Savoie low to medium medium to high high low to medium medium to high low to medium balanced, lively and colored wines