Perlaut B
Name of the variety in France
Perlaut
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1956 by INRA by crossbreeding Cinsaut and Perle de Csaba.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Perlaut is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Portugal.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2000 2018
ha 1 ND
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a closed V-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, medium size, mucronate teeth with convex sides or one side concave and one side convex, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a moderately blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate and erect hairs
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 178 186 260 238 216 261
Allel 2 131 234 249 178 204 260 240 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, 1 week before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Perlaut displays a low to moderate vigor and has a semi-erect to horizontal bearing. This variety must be trained and can be pruned short or long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Perlaut is not very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size, supple and not very compact. The berries are also medium in size with a thin skin and juicy pulp. They tend to shrivel when over-ripe. This variety has a bad storage and transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Perlaut clone carries the number 502.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
502 INRA 1976