Olivette noire N
Name of the variety in France
Olivette noire
Origin
This table grape variety is of natural origin.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Olivette noire is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Portugal.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 2000 2008 2018
ha 758 488 225 22 13 5.5
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with five lobes, with shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open or closed U-shaped petiole sinus, small teeth but long compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted finely blistered leaf blade, and on the lower sied of the leaves, no erect and prostate hairs,
- the narrow ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 233 182 188 252 238 245 251
Allel 2 135 232 239 191 204 258 254 247 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very late season, 6 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Olivette noire is a very late-season variety, moderately vigorous with a horizontal bearing. It must be trained and pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Olivette noire is very little susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium to large and moderately compact. The berries are large to very large, simple-flavored, with a thick skin and a crunchy pulp.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Olivette noire clone carries the number 1138.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1138 Vaucluse IFV 2009