Oeillade noire N
Name of the variety in France
Oeillade noire
Origin
This variety is completely distinct from Cinsaut, with which it is sometimes confused, and is originally from the south of France.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Oeillade noire is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list but is not yet classified.
Use
Wine and table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 40 6 25 11
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs, 
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular or pentagonal adult leaves, with three or five lobes, shallow lower lateral sinues, a U-shaped petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, large teeth, moderately long compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a weak to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, finely blistered and sometimes goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect hairs and a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 176 188 256 238 227 239
Allel 2 131 236 249 178 204 260 248 233 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Oeillade noire is moderately vigorous, has an erect bearing and must be managed by short pruning. It is sometimes susceptible to coulure and millerandage.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Oeillade noire is susceptible to vine leafhoppers and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium to large with moderately compact. The berries are also medium to large in size, simple-flavored with a thin skin and a juicy pulp. When vinified, Oeillade noire produces light and not very colored wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Oeillade noire clone carries the number 1176. A conservatory of ten or so clones was planted in the French department of Aude in 2010.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1176 Hérault IFV 2011