Oberlin noir N
Name of the variety in France
Oberlin noir
Origin
Oberlin noir (an interspecific hybrid) is the result of the crossbreeding between Gamay and Vitis riparia.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "595 Oberlin" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Oberlin noir is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 2000 2008 2018
ha 4500 2903 68 64 62
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot is half open, with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the wedge-shaped adult leaves, with five lobes, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, with sometime naked petiole veins, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a finely blistered leaf blade, goffered near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 239 186 187 246 238 216 239
Allel 2 157 263 253 214 194 258 266 235 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, half a week before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Oberlin noir is vigorous, fertile with a semi-erect bearing and must be pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Oberlin noir resists well to downy mildew and to powdery mildew. It should preferably be grafted.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small to medium in size, fairly loose and the berries are small. The sugar accumulation potential of this variety is very good. Oberlin noir produces mediocre, very colored wines with the presence of diglucoside anthocyanins.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.