Nielluccio N
Name of the variety in France
Nielluccio
Origin
This variety was traditionally grown in Corsica and is originally from Italy (Tuscany) where it is grown under the name Sangiovese.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Niellucciu" regarding plant propagation material. In the European Union, Nielluccio is officially designated by other names: Sangiovese (Austria, Cyprus, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Malta, Romania) and Prugnolo gentile (Italy).
Legal information
In France, Nielluccio is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta and Romania.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1979 1988 1998 2000 2008 2018
ha 508 2552 1399 1625 1646 1510 1928
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the wedge-shaped, medium green, slightly matte adult leaves, entire or with five lobes, shallow lateral sinuses, with a U-shaped petiole sinus, long or very long teeth compared to their width at the base (particularly those corresponding to the main veins) with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs and no or a very low density of prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 194 244 240 233 251
Allel 2 131 234 262 182 196 260 240 243 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Nielluccio has moderate vigor and an early budburst. It should be pruned short in gobelet or cordon. This variety resists well against drought and appears adapted to low fertility soils.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Nielluccio is susceptible to flavescence dorée. On the other hand, it is moderately susceptible to powdery mildew and not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size and the berries are large. Nielluccio can produce full-bodied, fruity wines evolving towards spicy aromas, that are suited to ageing. These wines can be characterized by a grand finesse and a good balance. The wine color decreases as the yields increase. This variety also makes good quality rosé wines.
Clonal selection in France
The six certified Nielluccio clones carry the numbers 902, 903, 904, 960, 997 and 998. A conservatory of 20 or so clones was planted in the win-growing region of Corsica in 2005.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien [web site, visited in 2020].
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
902 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse 0.99 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety clone carrying the leafroll associated virus 2
903 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse 0.69 ha low medium medium to high medium to high medium to high medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
904 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse 0.55 ha high medium low to medium low to medium low to medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety clone carrying the leafroll associated virus 2
960 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1990 Haute-Corse low low to medium medium medium medium medium to high medium medium medium representative wines of the variety Lower production levels and fertility. Higher sugar content than other clones.
997 Haute-Corse CIVAM Corse - ENTAV 2003 Haute-Corse medium medium medium medium low to medium medium medium low to medium medium representative wines of the variety
998 Haute-Corse CRVI - IFV 2014 Corsica medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium to high medium representative wines of the variety comparable to clone 902
999 Haute-Corse CRVI - IFV 2016 Corse inférieure moyen moyen à supérieur moyenne à supérieure supérieure moyenne à supérieure moyen inférieure moyenne moyenne vins typiques du cépage qualité de tanins supérieure à la moyenne. Adapté pour une vinification en rouge
1250 Haute-Corse CRVI - IFV 2016 Corse inférieure moyen moyen à supérieur supérieure moyenne à supérieure moyenne à supérieure inférieur à moyen moyenne moyenne moyenne vins typiques du cépage niveau d'anthocyanes moins élevé et note de fruits rouges supérieure en dégustation. Adapté pour une vinification en rosé mais sans exclure la possibilité d'une vinification en rouge
1251 Haute-Corse CRVI - IFV 2016 Corse supérieure moyen à supérieur moyen à supérieur supérieure moyenne moyenne à supérieure moyen à supérieur inférieure à moyenne moyenne moyenne à supérieure vins typiques du cépage clone plus productif que la moyenne et apprécié en dégustation. Adapté pour une vinification en rosé mais sans exclure la possibilité d'une vinification en rouge