Nebbiolo N
Name of the variety in France
Nebbiolo
Origin
This variety is originally from Northern Italy (Piedmont).
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Nebbiolo is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 2008 2018
ha 0.5 0.5 1 4.4
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the small, wedge-shaped adult leaves, with three or five lobes, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, small teeth with convex sides, no or a slight anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat, slightly blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 153 229 247 182 194 244 238 235 239
Allel 2 153 234 249 186 200 252 240 267 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half to 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Nebbiolo is a variety with very thin shoots, elongated internodes and numerous secondary shoots. This variety must be trained carefully with proper height and pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Nebbiolo is slightly sensitive to powdery mildew and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Nebbiolo's bunches and berries are small to medium in size. Under good growing conditions, this variety, produces realtively acidic, very tannic, moderately colored very high quality wines, that are suitable for ageing.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Nebbiolo clone carries the number 1190.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien [web site, visited in 2020].
- Registre Ampélographique International. 1961-1972, Ed. OIV, France.
- Grape Cultivars for Wine Production in South Africa. PG Goussard, 2008, Ed. Cheviot, South Africa.
- Wine Grape Varieties. G. Kerridge and A. Anticliff, 1999, Ed. CSIRO, Australia.
- Wine Grape Varieties in California. L. Christensen et al., 2003, Ed. University of California Agriculture and Natural Ressources, United States of America.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1190 Hérault IFV - INRA 2014 Languedoc-Roussillon representative wines of the variety