Négret de Banhars N
Name of the variety in France
Négret de Banhars
Origin
Négret de Banhars is originally from the Aveyron region. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, it would be the result of crossbreeding Fer and Manseng noir.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Négret de Banhars is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2008 2018
ha 1 0.7
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green or yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular or pentagonal-shaped adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with a slightly open V-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a strongly blistered and sometimes goffered leaf blade, undulate between the veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 182 194 252 240 227 239
Allel 2 149 238 249 186 200 252 248 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 10 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Négret de Banhars is fairly vigorous and with a semi-erect bearing. The shoots are fragile to the wind. Bunches peduncles are very short which makes manual grape harvesting delicate.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
As its bunches are very compact and its grape skins ares fragile, Négret de Banhars is susceptible to grey rot. It is also sensitive to phomopsis.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size and the berries are small to medium in size. The skin is very colored and gives the wines a deep color. Négret de Banhars produces not very tannic and not very alcoholic wines.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet. A conservatory of 20 or so clones was planted in 2005 in the French department of Aveyron.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.