Muscat de Hambourg N
Name of the variety in France
Muscat de Hambourg
Origin
Based on published genetic analyses, this variety would be the result of crossbreeding Muscat d’Alexandrie and Frankenthal.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Muscat de Hambourg is officially called by other names: Black Muscat (Cyprus), Hamburgi muskotály (Hungary), Muscat of Hamburg (Cyprus), Moschato Ambourgou (Cyprus) and Muskat-Trollinger (Germany). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Muscat de Hambourg is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. It is classified as a wine grape variety only in some French department (see the regulations in force). This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Germany, Greece, Italy, Hungary, Malta, Portugal, Romania and Spain.
Use
Wine and table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 6321 7332 5962 5195 4253 4320 2968
Surfaces declared as table grapes.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adult leaves, with three or five lobes, an open petiole sinus, medium to large teeth, moderate to long compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute, twisted and slightly goffered leaf blade, curly on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries with muscat flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 133 229 247 176 186 240 248 235 271
Allel 2 147 236 249 182 192 256 254 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety has a moderate to strong vigor with a horizontal or semi- drooping bearing. The vines must be carefully trained and preferably planted in moderately fertile soil. Muscat de Hambourg is also rather sensitive to dessication of the stems.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Muscat de Hambourg is sensitive to powdery mildew, downy mildew, phomopsis, mites and grape moths. On the other hand, it is not very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are medium to large. The berries have a moderately thick skin and a muscat flavored pulp. Muscat de Hambourg has a good storage capacity and moderate transport capacity. Muscat de Hambourg has low sugar and color potential. This variety can also be used to make still wines, sparkling wines and grape juice.
Clonal selection in France
The ten certified Muscat de Hambourg clones carry the numbers 193, 195, 200, 202, 203, 309, 932, 933, 934 and 967. They were selected for the production of table grapes. A conservatory of a hundred or so clones was planted in the French department of Vaucluse in 2003.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
193 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1973 Provence low to medium
195 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1973 Provence medium to high medium medium to high low to medium medium medium to high medium
200 Gironde INRA 1973 Provence low
202 Vaucluse INRA 1973 Provence 4.66 ha medium low to medium medium low to medium medium medium medium
203 Vaucluse INRA 1973 Provence low
309 Vaucluse INRA 1973 Provence low to medium low to medium medium to high medium to high medium low low
932 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1988 Provence 0.63 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium medium medium medium
933 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1988 Provence 0.08 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium medium medium medium
934 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1988 Provence 0.08 ha medium to high medium medium medium medium medium medium
967 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1990 Provence 1.67 ha medium to high medium medium medium medium medium medium