Muscat cendré B
Name of the variety in France
Muscat cendré
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1973 by INRA by crossbreeding Pinot gris and Muscat Ottonel.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Muscat cendré is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with no or a very low density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow or green young leaves,
- the circular or wedge-shaped, light green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a slightly open petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes and often a tooth on the edge, medium to short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, no or a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries with a very slight muscat flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 225 239 176 188 240 238 216 239
Allel 2 141 225 243 182 194 256 254 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Muscat cendré has a moderate to strong vigor with a horizontal bearing. This variety is not very sensitive to coulure and to millerandage.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Muscat cendré is slightly sensitive to grey rot when over-ripe.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are medium in size. The sugar potential of this variety is average, with moderate to low acidity. Muscat cendré can produce powerful, full-bodied and slightly aromatic wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Muscat cendré clone carries the number 1054.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1054 INRA 1999 Alsace